A wood burning stove is a great way to heat a room without increasing your energy bill or using gas. They also look beautiful and add character to a room. Wood stoves provide a cosy fire from a renewable, inexpensive energy source, making them the perfect choice for an environmentally conscious family or someone looking to cut the costs of heating their home.
For the purpose of safety, when installing a stove, be sure to observe local building and installation requirements. The instructions in this article are generalised and may not be suitable for your unique situation. If in doubt, ask a HETAS registered installer to help you or do the installation for you.
Picking a Stove and Preparing for Installation
Firstly decide on a location for your stove. Stoves are very heavy so you do not want to be moving it around on the day it arrives to see where it looks good.
Consider the space your stove is required to heat, to maximise the efficiency of your wood stove, try to pick a spot in a room with especially good insulation so that the heat from the stove is not lost through the walls or windows, or up staircases.
Your stove will also require a chimney, if you don’t already have one you will need to have one built or have a rigid flue system installed. If building a new chimney you will also require planning permission from your local authority. Remember to take into account where your new chimney or flue will be placed in your building as beams may be in the way.
Check your stove’s clearance rating when picking a suitable place for installation. Wood stoves can get very hot during use. As radiating heat can pose a hazard to nearby walls and furniture, most manufacturers provide clearance measurements on their websites. If you can’t find the clearance rate contact the manufacturer or retailer.
Always purchase a certified wood stove.
Pick a stove that is suitable for your needs. The larger a wood stove is the more heat it can generate. If your stove is too big for your room it can become unbearably hot. Most if not all stove manufacturers list their stoves maximum heat output per kW. A small stove should be suitable enough for the majority of British homes. Again check with the retailer or manufacturer if in doubt.
Burning your wood stove at its maximum capacity for long periods of time can damage the stove, so you may want to opt for a stove that is slightly larger than you require so you can use it at sub-maximum capacity most of the time.
Lastly check whether you are in a smoke exempt zone.
Installing Your New Stove
If a chimney needs to be built now is the time to notify your local authority to get planning permission in place before the installation goes ahead.
Have your existing chimney’s integrity checked and have it swept by a qualified chimney sweep.
You may also want to contact your insurance company to see if your policy will need updating.
Lay a non-combustible floor pad in the spot where your stove will be sat. These pads are usually made of brick, ceramic tile, concrete or another non combustible substance. The pad should be flush with your home’s existing flooring. This protection is essential to prevent a fire happening because of falling debris from your chimney; caused by burning wood.
Make sure walls around the stove are protected with a suitable heat shield to prevent combustion.
Note: protecting the walls around your stove can reduce the clearance requirements of your stove.
Move the stove into position. They are heavy so using a sturdy dolly or get help from a friend of family member.
Minor adjustments to the stove’s positioning at the site of installation may need to be done by hand.
Connect your stove to the flue. A well functioning chimney/flue is absolutely crucial for getting the most out of your wood stove. Your chimney is designed to remove smoke and sediment safely outside of your building. If it has been poorly installed you could end up with smoke and poisonous gases leaking into your home.
You may need to use a length of stove pipe to connect your wood stove to the chimney. Generally, the taller and straighter a chimney is the better it will work.
Once your stove is installed, to be on the safe side, hire a certified professional to check you have installed your wood stove correctly and that it is safe to use.
The safety of your home and family is well worth the minor expense of hiring outside help.
We are certified to carry out stove installations. If you would like a quote or site survey please do not hesitate to contact us. You can also find us on the HETAS website.